Lectures & Talks

Webinar in Number Theory : French-Korea (2021)

suhyeon cho
2021-09-30 11:50
SPEAKER : YoungJu Choie (POSTECH), Bo-Hae Im (KAIST), Laurent Berger (ENS de Lyon)

DATE : Every 1st and 3rd Monday of every month

Link :
  • Every 1st and 3rd Monday of every month: a 50 mn talk
  • French time: 10:00-11:00,   Korean time: 17:00-18:00
    (Winter time, 2021/10/31 - 2022/03/27, French time: 9:00-11:00,   Korean time: 17:00-18:00)
  • Zoom link: ask the organizers
Past speakers
  • 2021/12/20: Professor Kwangho Choiy ( Southern Illinois University)
    Title: Invariants in restriction of admissible representations of p-adic groupsAbstract: The local Langlands correspondence, LLC, of a p-adic group over complex vector spaces has been proved for several cases over decades. One of interesting approaches to them is the restriction method which was initiated for SL(2) and its inner form. It proposes in line with the functoriality principle that the LLC of one group can be achieved from the LLC of the other group sharing the same derived group. In this context, we shall explain how the method is extended to some other cases of LLC's, the multiplicity formula in restriction, and the transfer of the reducibility of parabolic induction.
  • 2021/11/22: Lucile Devin (Université du Littoral)
    PDF Title: Chebyshev's bias and sums of two squaresAbstract: Studying the secondary terms of the Prime Number Theorem in Arithmetic Progressions, Chebyshev claimed that there are more prime numbers congruent to 3 modulo 4 than to 1 modulo 4. We will explain and qualify this claim following the framework of Rubinstein and Sarnak. Then we will see how this framework can be adapted to other questions on the distribution of prime numbers. This will be illustrated by a new Chebyshev-like claim : "for more than half of the prime numbers that can be written as a sum of two squares, the odd square is the square sof a positive integer congruent to 1 mod 4.
  • 2021/11/08: Wansu Kim (KAIST)
    PDF Title: Equivariant BSD conjecture over global function fieldsAbstract: Under a certain finiteness assumption of Tate-Shafarevich groups, Kato and Trihan showed the BSD conjecture for abelian varieties over global function fields of positive characteristic. We explain how to generalise this to semi-stable abelian varieties ``twisted by Artin character'' over global function field (under some additional technical assumptions), and discuss further speculations for generalisations if time permits. This is a joint work with David Burns and Mahesh Kakde.
  • 2021/10/18: Richard Griffon (University Clermont-Auvergne)
    PDF Title: Isogenies of elliptic curves over function fieldsAbstract: I will report on a recent work, joint with Fabien Pazuki, in which we study elliptic curves over function fields and the isogenies between them. More specifically, we prove analogues in the function field setting of two famous theorems about isogenous elliptic curves over number fields. The first of these describes the variation of the Weil height of the j-invariant of elliptic curves within an isogeny class. Our second main result is an ''isogeny estimate'' in the spirit of theorems by Masser-Wüstholz and by Gaudron-Rémond. After stating our results and giving quick sketches of their proof, I will, time permitting, mention a few Diophantine applications.
  • 2021/10/04: Dr. Seoyoung Kim (Queen's University)
    PDF Title: On the generalized Diophantine m-tuplesAbstract: For non-zero integers n and k2, a generalized Diophantine m-tuple with property Dk(n) is a set of m positive integers {a1,a2,,am} such that aiaj+n is a k-th power for any distinct i and j. Define by Mk(n) the supremum of the size of the set which has property Dk(n). In this paper, we study upper bounds on Mk(n), as we vary n over positive integers. In particular, we show that for k3Mk(n) is O(logn) and further assuming the Paley graph conjecture, Mk(n) is O((logn)ϵ). The problem for k=2 was studied by a long list of authors that goes back to Diophantus who studied the quadruple {1,33,68,105} with property D(256). This is a joint work with A. Dixit and M. R. Murty.
  • 2021/06/21: Vlerë Mehmeti (Université Paris-Saclay, France)
    PDF Title: Non-Archimedean analytic curves and the local-global principleAbstract: In 2009, a new technique, called algebraic patching, was introduced in the study of local-global principles. Under different forms, patching had in the past been used for the study of the inverse Galois problem. In this talk, I will present an extension of this technique to non-Archimedean analytic curves. As an application, we will see various local-global principles for function fields of curves, ranging from geometric to more classical forms. These results generalize those of the previous literature and are applicable to quadratic forms. We will start by a brief introduction of the framework of non-Archimedean analytic curves and will conclude by a presentation of a first step towards such results in higher dimensions.
  • 2021/06/07: Hae-Sang Sun (UNIST, Korea)
    PDF Title: Cyclotomic Hecke L-values of a totally real fieldAbstract: It is known that any Fourier coefficient of a newform of weight 2 can be expressed as a polynomial with rational coefficients, of a single algebraic critical value of the corresponding L-function twisted by a Dirichlet character of p-power conductor for a rational prime p. In the talk, I will discuss a version of this result in terms of Hecke L-function over a totally real field, twisted by Hecke characters of p-power conductors. The discussion involves new technical challenges that arise from the presence of the unit group, which are (1) counting lattice points in a cone that p-adically close to units and (2) estimating an exponential sum over the unit group. This is joint work with Byungheup Jun and Jungyun Lee.
  • 2021/05/17: Riccardo Pengo (ENS Lyon, France)
    PDF Title: Entanglement in the family of division fields of a CM elliptic curveAbstract: Division fields associated to an algebraic group defined over a number field, which are the extensions generated by its torsion points, have been the subject of a great amount of research, at least since the times of Kronecker and Weber. For elliptic curves without complex multiplication, Serre's open image theorem shows that the division fields associated to torsion points whose order is a prime power are "as big as possible" and pairwise linearly disjoint, if one removes a finite set of primes. Explicit versions of this result have recently been featured in the work of Campagna-Stevenhagen and Lombardo-Tronto. In this talk, based on joint work with Francesco Campagna (arXiv:2006.00883), I will present an analogue of these results for elliptic curves with complex multiplication. Moreover, I will present a necessary condition to have entanglement in the family of division fields, which is always satisfied for elliptic curves defined over the rationals. In this last case, I will describe in detail the entanglement in the family of division fields.
  • 2021/05/03: Chan-Ho Kim (KIAS, Korea)
    PDF Title: On the Fitting ideals of Selmer groups of modular formsAbstract: In 1980's, Mazur and Tate studied ``Iwasawa theory for elliptic curves over finite abelian extensions" and formulated various related conjectures. One of their conjectures says that the analytically defined Mazur-Tate element lies in the Fitting ideal of the dual Selmer group of an elliptic curve. We discuss some cases of the conjecture for modular forms of higher weight.
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